Seven Wonders of the World video
The Seven marvels of the Ancient World (often called just, the Seven miracles of the World) is a listing of man-made structures built through the ancient age. Scholars think that old historians began compiling the list into the 2nd century B.C. The last listing of the Seven Wonders that individuals presently reference had been defined in the Middle years.
The Great Pyramid at Giza
Noted for being the sole enduring person in the Seven Ancient miracles of the World, the fantastic Pyramid is the largest of the 3 pyramids built in the ancient town of Giza, now part of better Cairo, Egypt. The pyramid is known having already been built around 2560 B.C. as a tomb when it comes to Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, and likely took twenty years to create. (Egyptologists argue over man-power numbers, and quotes have actually ranged from 14, 000 to 360, 000 men). Whenever built, the pyramid measured almost 480 feet high, using the edges each calculating about 755 legs long. Additionally, each part is oriented with among cardinal points (north, south, east and west). Almost 2.3 million obstructs of rock, each weighing about 2 tons, include the pyramid. The pyramid stayed the whole world's tallest building for 4 millennia after it was built.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are thought to have now been built by Nebuchadnezzar II, a ruler of Babylon, around 600 B.C. Though historians usually debate the particular existence of home gardens, because there's no real proof and Babylonian papers never ever mention them (Greek scholars first described the home gardens), accounts state that the landscapes contains vaulted terraces raised above the other person and supported on pillars - put another way, a synthetic rising hill of home gardens. The terraces had been full of dust and planted with trees and flora, of believed to hang over the sides. The amazement across gardens is due to just what would-have-been an extraordinarily complicated irrigation system, which introduced liquid through the Euphrates towards the landscapes in an otherwise arid environment. The gardens are believed having already been destroyed by an earthquake around the first century B.C.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Finished around 550 B.C. to honor the Greek goddess of hunting and nature, the Temple of Artemis had been built during the Achaemenid Dynasty associated with the Persian Empire. Arson ruined the temple in 356 B.C. The ancient writer and philosopher Pliny described the temple as being 377 feet lengthy and 180 foot large (about 3 times the dimensions of the Parthenon), with 127 Ionic articles measuring 60 feet large, and made entirely of marble. Used as both a marketplace and a place of worship, the temple housed numerous artwork and sculpture.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
This huge statue honoring the god Zeus had been built on Temple of Zeus in Olympia around 450 B.C. created by the Greek sculptor Pheidias, the statue of a sitting Zeus sized 40 feet tall and had been created from ivory with gold-plated accents. The statue depicts him seated on a cedar throne inlaid with jewels, keeping a statue of Nike (goddess of triumph) in his right-hand and a scepter with an eagle at the top in the left-hand. Numerous theories occur to explain the statue's destruction. Some scholars believe that it was destroyed along with the temple inside 5th century. Other people believe the statue had been taken to Constantinople, where it had been destroyed in a fire in A.D. 462.
Tomb of Maussollos at Halicarnassus
The tomb developed to contain the keeps associated with Persian master Mausollos and his wife, Artemisia, ended up being created by the Greek architects Satyrus and Pythius and built around 353 B.C. on a slope overlooking the old town of Halicarnassus. The tomb stood 135 foot large, as well as its outside was in the middle of an ornamental frieze. Many statues, bas-reliefs and articles decorated the outside of ornate and enormous tomb, and eventually the term "mausoleum" became accustomed explain any huge and impressive tomb. Numerous earthquakes finally resulted in the destruction of this tomb when you look at the 14th century.
Colossus at Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes had been in fact a huge, looming 100-foot high statue associated with the Greek god Helios, built on the area of Rhodes around 280 B.C. The statue had been erected to commemorate the area's patron god, Helios, after Rhodes successfully defended itself in 304 B.C. from an invasion. Scholars believe that the statue stood either on a pedestal at entrance into island's harbor or on a breakwater when you look at the harbor. An earthquake destroyed the statue in 226 B.C., a mere 54 years following its building.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Pharos Island, Alexandria, Egypt
Scholars estimate the Lighthouse of Alexandria measured between 383 and 450 foot high and had been built-in the next century B.C. to act as a landmark for Pharos, a little island from the shore of Alexandria, Egypt. The lighthouse's tower had been built utilizing light-colored rock, at its highest point, a mirror ended up being put to mirror sunshine through the day; at night a fire burned to offer down light. Some historians believe that the light provided off could possibly be seen for a few 35 miles. The lighthouse ended up being harmed by 2 earthquakes in 1303 and 1323, and its particular keeps had been destroyed in 1480, when a fort had been built on your website.