Pyramid of the Magician

Chichen Itza winter solstice


In the world of the ancient Maya there were many sacred days, most often associated with celestial events. But none perhaps more widely celebrated than the Spring and Fall Equinox at the ancient site of Chichén Itza in central Yucatan.

Annually lots and lots of pilgrims and fascination seekers group into almost six square miles of national playground damages to look at a phenomena which was very carefully mapped by ancient architects and astronomers. At the time of both vernal equinox additionally the autumnal equinox (and many times before and after the events), afternoon sunshine bathes the western balustrade of El Castillo pyramid's main stairway causing seven isosceles triangles to make and produce a shadow that imitates your body of a 120 base long rattlesnake that creeps downwards until it joins a massive serpent's head at the end of this staircase.

Dominating the middle of Chichén Itza therefore the center phase for this event is the remarkable Temple of Kukulcan (the Maya name for Quetzalcoatl), also known as "El Castillo" (the palace). Great sculptures of Plumed Serpents rundown the edges of this north staircase, as they are brought about by shadows through the place tiers regarding Spring and Fall equinox.

This twice-annual spectacle is thought to have grabbed the hearts and imaginations of Maya and Toltec people who once populated this robust old city. Scholars think particular rites of agriculture was the cornerstone for the design and concept. Some believe the necessity of celestial occasions toward Maya was the principal reason the complicated shadow system was created.

Irrespective the reason, nevertheless they show up, brand new agers who travel from around the world to witness the grand shadow party regarding the sacred serpent, local descendants regarding the Maya just who come because they will have, scholars and curiosity seekers, historians, anthropologists, astronomers - all with a sense of awe within complexity associated with the architecture and design while the level of Maya knowledge of the Cosmos.

Life scientists believe the exact celestial computations need to getd to create the effect are a demonstration of the Maya's extreme aptitude for astronomy and the cosmology of deep space. Most of the secrets of the ancient Maya scholars are still lost to modern science. How these people, who lived in a world where not even the invention of the wheel had been introduced into their social structure, could have been so well versed in art and science is a major stumbling block for those who trying to put together the puzzle of these ancient and elusive indigenous people. What secrets remain buried in the Central American jungles? Why did the Maya, and later the Toltec, abandon their great cities, like Chichen Itza, Tikal, Palenque, Uxmal, Copan?

Perhaps its this main secret of a people that we understand a little about this drives us to your importance of a higher comprehension. Possibly that's why multitudes flock each springtime and autumn to your this ancient web site within the lowland jungles associated with the Yucatan to view a spectacle initially designed and orchestrated by these fiercely separate individuals, driven by their particular mysterious culture.

Within the Maya language, Chichén Itzá signifies "at the mouth of great well" due to the immense, sacred cenote ("well" in English). The cenote had been very essential pilgrimage locations when you look at the Mayan world. Some scholars believe that its value had been pertaining to the astronomically-related design of this website; the town ended up being obviously made to make best use of astronomical events.

Discover How It Functions:

Fall Equinox Shadows

During the accurate time of the springtime and fall equinox, the sunlight casts its rays on balustrade, subsequently highlighting a feathered serpent that appears to be moving or slithering its way down the actions. The way the Maya managed to concentrate its energies in building a monument of incomprehensible scale to highlight enough time of year when the hours of sunlight and darkness are equal is extraordinary.

El Castillo stands as testimony towards Maya’s superiority as designers and mathematicians. The surfaces are huge, step-by-step, and razor-sharp. The advanced Mayan calendar is included within the architecture of this structure. Including, the amount of steps on each of four sides is 91, accumulated to 364, which alongside the top system equals the number of times in a-year. On the days of spring and autumn equinox, the side of the shadow from the sunlight, falls exactly on the corner of pyramid, leaving one side overall sunlight in addition to other altogether shadow. This constantly gives the shadow in the balustrade which assumes the look of slithering snake.

Classes on Solar Orbit

In accordance with the Shadow associated with Equinox homepage, an equinox takes place two times every year when our sunshine, in its orbit across the earth in a manner unique to those times during the the season, passes directly throughout the Earth's equator and period of the daylight and evening hours is equal. Therefore your message equinox comes from the Latin for "equal" aequus, and nox definition "night". The spring equinox takes place on March 21. 6 months later on, on Sept 22, we have the Fall Equinox. The summer solstice does occur on June 21st. About this time earth sees the longest length of daylight. Six months later on may be the cold temperatures solstice on December 22, whenever we see the shortest sunlight additionally the longest night of the season.

On nowadays the sunlight very nearly appears to pause with its orbit before resuming its course, and it is the reason why the word solstice is dependant on the Latin sol, for "sun", and sistere or "to cause to stand". This period after that repeats itself while the world will continue to rotate all over sunshine. It's interesting to see that there are exactly 91 times between each of these activities, and 92 times between your Summer 21 summertime solstice as well as the September 21 equinox. This results in a 365 day solar power year with all the 91 times between each event matching the 91 tips to every side of the pyramid.

Vacation Information

Chichén Itzá is available 8 A.M. to 5:30 P.M., every day of the year. Appear early whenever you can so as to avoid the trip buses from Cancun. The entrance charge is (was) 88 pesos per person, or just around $8 bucks. Children under 13 be in free of charge. Each night at 8 P.M. there is an audio and light program, as soon as the structures tend to be bathed in colored light plus the record and legends of Chichén Itzá are narrated.

Know summer time temps could be devastating if you're not prepared, another good reason to schedule your visit as soon as feasible. A good mosquito repellant is also advised, including good couple of comfortable footwear. Journey buses leave Merida, Cancun and Enjoy Del Carmen frequently, but it's simpler to remain near the damages and enter very early to avoid the crowds of people.



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